Infectious Diseases

Building the infrastructure for antiviral treatment of chronic hepatitis C in prisoners across Australia - the PACT study

Prisoners have been identified in the Fourth National Hepatitis C Strategy 2014–2017 as a priority population for hepatitis C treatment with over 50,000 individuals passing through the prison system annually. Although approximately one in three prisoners are infected with hepatitis C at present only a tiny minority currently receive antiviral treatment in this setting.

The Juvenile Offender Sexual and Reproductive health (JOSH) survey

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Juvenile offenders are at increased risk of sexually transmissible infections (STIs) and bloodborne viruses (BBVs), and high fertility rates and abortion. However, little is known about the sexual health and sexual risk taking behaviours of those under 16 years due to issues of consent. The JOSH study addresses this knowledge gap by screening those between 14 and 16 years.

Enhancing infectious diseases surveillance in prison to reduce the threat of bloodborne viruses and sexually transmissible infections (STIs) (National prison BBV/STI surveillance)

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Prior to 2004, the major source of infectious diseases data on Australia prisoners was from routine notifications to health departments arising from compulsory HIV testing of individuals on reception to prison. However, this has gradually been phased out nationally.

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