Forensic Mental Health

Forensic Mental Health

Exploring the relationship between mental illness and dementia and family and domestic violence (FDV) using Text Mining and data linkage

This study aims to better understand the relationship between health conditions (i.e. mental illness, traumatic brain injury and dementia) of perpetrators and victims of family and domestic violence (FDV) and incidents of FDV, recidivism and judicial outcomes using Text Mining and data linkage.  We have already demonstrated the feasibility of Text Mining of police narratives in identifying the mentions of mental illness, traumatic brain injury and dementia among perpetrators and victims of FDV.

A follow-up study using data linkage to examine juvenile offender health and justice outcomes

This study examines predictors of health and justice outcomes of young people who have been in contact with the criminal justice system using datalinkage. The study links baseline data collected from three health surveys of young offenders in NSW the 2003 and 2008 Young People in Custody Health Surveys (YPiCHS), and the 2006 Young People on Community Orders Health Survey (YPoCOHS) to a range of administrative health and justice datasets to examine offending, physical and mental health outcomes, contact with health services and mortality.

Comparing the psychosocial health status of sex and non-sex offenders in NSW prisons

Little is known about the physical and mental health status of those convicted for sex offences. Preliminary research has been inconclusive and limited by small samples and lack of non-offender comparison groups.  Increasing evidence about the mental, physical and social factors of sex offenders is important in understanding of the aetiology and mechanism of sex offences.  It also contributes to better risk assessments, predicting recidivism and selecting treatments.

Reducing impulsivity in repeat violent offenders using a Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor (SSRI) – the REINVESt study

Violence is a leading cause of death and injury worldwide and a large percentage of prison inmates have histories of violent offending.Between 1996 and 2006, violent crimes (homicide, assault, sexual assault, robbery) in Australia rose by 30%.  While just under half of those convicted for violent offences such as assault (44%) and robbery (47%) return to prison within two years.  Numerous studies suggest a strong association between poor impulse control (impulsivity) and crime, including violent crime.  There is strong evidence from animal and human studies, pharmacological, imaging, and re

Improving mental health screening of prisoners

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Early identification and intervention for those with a first episode of a psychotic illness such as schizophrenia, or even emerging psychosis, has become the gold standard for clinical practice in the mental health field.  However, offenders, particularly those incarcerated, have been largely ignored in the development of models of care and services.  Little is known about their particular clinical needs and how an early intervention model might best be adapted to those in contact with the criminal justice system.  Those in cont

Violence in the lives of Aboriginal mothers in prison: women who use violence

The over-representation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in Australian prisons is a major public health concern and human rights issue.  The degree to which women have been imprisoned in Australia has seen a sharp incline with the rate for Aboriginal women increasing alongside and at a faster pace than that of all women in prison in Australia.

Health of the Nation Outcome Scale (HONOS) study

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Recidivism rates are of concern and may be compounded by psychiatric morbidity.  Mental health outcome measures, which assess an individual’s behaviour, impairment, symptoms and social functioning, psychological distress and functioning (life skills), are routinely collected in all States and Territories in Australia as part of the National Mental Health Strategy, yet the data is not always linked to other existing national databases.  Data-linkage has the potential to further inform on the interplay between mental health, offending behaviour, and service utilisation.

A comparison of court based approaches in Australia for people with mental disorders

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Forensic mental health services in Australia have developed in response to the high rates of mental illness among offenders. A key component of forensic mental health services are Court Liaison Services.

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