Treatment Interventions

Treatment Interventions Strand

Building the infrastructure for antiviral treatment of chronic hepatitis C in prisoners across Australia - the PACT study

Prisoners have been identified in the Fourth National Hepatitis C Strategy 2014–2017 as a priority population for hepatitis C treatment with over 50,000 individuals passing through the prison system annually. Although approximately one in three prisoners are infected with hepatitis C at present only a tiny minority currently receive antiviral treatment in this setting.

Reducing impulsivity in repeat violent offenders using a Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor (SSRI) – the REINVESt study

Violence is a leading cause of death and injury worldwide and a large percentage of prison inmates have histories of violent offending.Between 1996 and 2006, violent crimes (homicide, assault, sexual assault, robbery) in Australia rose by 30%.  While just under half of those convicted for violent offences such as assault (44%) and robbery (47%) return to prison within two years.  Numerous studies suggest a strong association between poor impulse control (impulsivity) and crime, including violent crime.  There is strong evidence from animal and human studies, pharmacological, imaging, and re

Improving mental health screening of prisoners

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Early identification and intervention for those with a first episode of a psychotic illness such as schizophrenia, or even emerging psychosis, has become the gold standard for clinical practice in the mental health field.  However, offenders, particularly those incarcerated, have been largely ignored in the development of models of care and services.  Little is known about their particular clinical needs and how an early intervention model might best be adapted to those in contact with the criminal justice system.  Those in cont

Reducing offending behaviour in repeat-violent offenders using omega-3 fatty acids: A RCT pilot study

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Significant numbers of men come into contact with the criminal justice system as a result of committing violent offences.  Few interventions, however, exist for this population as many treatment programs and post-release (from prison) schemes exclude those with histories of violent offending.  Evidence implicates reduced levels of omega-3, a consequence of the modern diet, in increased anxiety, aggression, and impulsivity and studies (some conducted in custodial settings) have shown that supplementing omega-3 Fatty Acid levels can lead to reductions in aggression, anger a

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