Reducing offending behaviour in repeat-violent offenders using omega-3 fatty acids: A RCT pilot study

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Strands Project Theme
Project Description

Significant numbers of men come into contact with the criminal justice system as a result of committing violent offences.  Few interventions, however, exist for this population as many treatment programs and post-release (from prison) schemes exclude those with histories of violent offending.  Evidence implicates reduced levels of omega-3, a consequence of the modern diet, in increased anxiety, aggression, and impulsivity and studies (some conducted in custodial settings) have shown that supplementing omega-3 Fatty Acid levels can lead to reductions in aggression, anger and anti-social behaviour.  No study has however looked at the potential benefits of omega-3 supplementation in an adult community offender population.

The primary aim of this study is to demonstrate the feasibility of conducting a three-month double-blind, randomised placebo-controlled trial (RCT) of omega-3 supplementation in a community sample of impulsive men with histories of violent offending.  A secondary aim of the study is to collect information on the effectiveness of omega-3 supplementation on behavioural measures such as impulsivity, anger, aggression and irritability.  Changes in self-reported offending over the three month period will also be assessed.

   

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